Forward

Fostering research excellence
in EU Outermost Regions

Welcome on the Outermost Regions Research and Innovation Platform


Discover research and innovation in Outermost regions: Assets and challenges; Research and innovation communities; projects and research initiatives; infrastructures, events and news

 

Would you like a tour of the platform? (1minute)

Homepage


Search by keywords

Regional and thematic filters


Select a Region or a R&I thematic to access information

Search on the map


Visualise on a map OR partners and their research and innovation projects.

Regions


Discover the assets and Research and Innovation capacities of the Outermost regions.

Thematics


Learn about research and innovation challenges, assets and expertise in outermost regions.

R&I Communities


Learn about the OR’s research community expertise, detect collaboration opportunities and get easily in touch with research groups and other R&I partners.

Projects


Discover OR flagship projects.

Resources


Access documents, videos and media coverage related to OR Research & Innovation.

News


Stay connected to Outermost Regions by following our News page, social media.

About Forward


Learn more about the Horizon 2020 Project FORWARD : “ Fostering research excellence in EU Outermost Regions”.

Contact


Contact our dedicated team for more information regarding R&I in Outermost Regions and sign up to our newsletter.

logo_OSUR

OSUR

La Reunion

Research centers or research group

Reunion Observatory for Astrophysical Science
Combined Services Unit between CNRS and University of Reunion Island

OSU-Réunion seeks to play a unifying role in research between the different laboratories, teams and observation stations. It includes one of the three multidisciplinary research federations at the University of Reunion Island, the OMNCG Federation (Observatory of Natural Environments and Global Changes).
Its second mission is to manage the observations stations. With the support of UMS3365, it ensure the proper functioning of the OPAR (Observatory for the Atmospheric Physics in Reunion) and helps to manage the stations for tropical forests, marine reefs in the Rivière des Pluies river basin.

Contact

Jean-Pierre CAMMAS  | Director
University of Reunion Island 15 Avenue René Cassin CS 92003 97744 SAINT-DENIS CEDEX 9
  • RIS3 priorities

    Astrophysical, Earth and Environmental Sciences

    OSU-R operates in line with the national strategy for the construction of research facilities, the Allenvi Alliance (Research Ministry) and provides support for three long-term observation and experimentation systems in environmental research (SOERE): “ATMO”, “Drainage Basin Network” and “Coastline”.

  • RESEARCH Domains

    The research topics of the laboratories belonging to the OSU-R are :

    • Atmosphere : Monitoring of atmospheric composition (reactive trace and greenhouse gases, aerosols, stratospheric ozone layer), analysis of climate patterns and effects; Study of atmospheric processes (atmospheric water cycle, stratosphere-troposphere interactions, largescale movements of atmospheric pollutants, etc.) and analysis of how
      they are appear in digital forecast models; Studies of tropical cyclones (intensification processes and trajectories).
    • Lithosphere : Hydrology of catchments in volcanic ranges ; Seismology (volcanology applications, detection of cyclonic and southern ocean waves) ;Internal geophysics of volcanic ranges (landslide, erosion, magma transfer applications, etc.).
    • Biosphere : forestry ecology Classification ecophysiology and climate monitoring Invasive exotic species.
    • Tropical marine ecology : Tropical migratory marine megafauna ;Regional reef biodiversity monitoring of habitats in the Indian Ocean area and modification due to climate change.
    • Coasts : Monitoring of coastlines ;study of erosion processes back reef lagoon coastlines.

    Key research projects
    In multidisciplinary topics :

    • ERUPTION COLUMNS : STRAP PROJECT / (Trans-disciplinary synergy to
      face risks from eruption columns, ANR project 2015-2018),
    • CYCLONIC RISKS : RENOVRISK-TRANSFER PROJECT / Integrated and
      innovative research into the natural risks associated with tropical cyclones.
      Cyclonic hazards in the “Maïdo mountains – Coast – Lagoon” workshop
      zone. Subject to the ERDF call for proposals 2015-2019.
    • OCEAN-ATMOSPHERE : PROJECT TO STUDY THE PHYSICAL PROCESSES
      OF OCEAN-ATMOSPHERE INTERACTIONS IN THE SOUTH-WESTERN INDIAN
      OCEAN (SOOI) /using models and observations. Project by the OMNCG
      Research Federation (Observations of Natural Environments and Global
      Changes) of the OSU-R.
    • VOLCANOLOGY AND MARINE BIODIVERSITY : CLEM PROJECT /
      Consequences of lava flows on the marine environment : focus on the 2007
      lava flow. Project managed by the OMNCG Federation of the OSU-R.
    • BIOSPHERE-ATMOSPHERE : FARCE PROJECT / Forest AeRosols Clouds
      intEractions at Reunion Island. Project managed by the OMNCG Federation
      of the OSU-R.
  • Main research facilities

    Technical support centre and state-of-the-art equipment

    • Maïdo Atmospheric Observatory. Instruments : lidars (vertical profiles for temperature, wind, water vapour and ozone) radiometers and spectrometers (partial and total atmosphericreactive trace gas columns and greenhouse gas columns) onsite analysers of atmospheric air mass (optical and chemical properties of aerosols, reactive gases and greenhouse gases) detectors of atmospheric electric activity GPS station cameras for cloud cover.
    • ERORUN hydrological station in the Rivière des Pluies drainage
      basin. Three stations to measure hydrological flow and 3 weather stations.
    • Saint-Gilles marine reef station. Monitoring geophysical and biological parameters in the lagoon.
    • Mare-Longue forestry station in Saint-Philippe. Observation facility for forestry ecology, classification, ecophysiology and climate parameters.
  • Main scientific collaborations

    Several INSU-CNRS laboratories :
    LATMOS (Atmospheres, Environments and Spatial Observations Laboratory)
    LSCE (Laboratory of Climate and Environmental Sciences)
    LMD (Dynamic Meteorology Laboratory)
    LISA (Inter-University Laboratory of Atmospheric Systems)
    SIRTA (Instrumental research by atmospheric remote-sensing site)
    Atmospheric Sounding Laboratory
    National Centre of Meteorological Research (CNRM, Toulouse)
    Laboratory of Atmospheric Optics (LOA, Lille)
    Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (Brussels)

    Oceanic Domain Laboratories (University of Western Brittany, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR, Pretoria,South Africa)

    The OSU-R is a partner of the European H2020 ENVRIplus project
    (Environmental Research Infrastructures Providing Shared Solutions for Sciences and Society). The OSU-R observation stations are open to international access for multi-disciplinary research to be carried out with other European teams with an interest in the University of Reunion Island research facilities.

  • Key publications

    Review panel publications between 2010 and 2014 :

    • Tulet, P. and Villeneuve, N., Large scale modeling of the transport, chemical
      transformation and mass budget of the sulfur emitted during the April 2007
      eruption of Piton de la Fournaise, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 4533-4546, doi :
      10.5194 /acp-11-4533-2011.
    • Durand et al., Modeling the lava heat flux during severe effusive volcanic
      eruption : an important impact on surface air quality. J. Geophys. Res., 119,
      20,11729-11742, 2014.
    • Falter, J., Lowe, R., Atkinson, M., Cuet, P., 2012 – Seasonal coupling and decoupling
      of net calcification rates from coral reef metabolism and carbonate
      chemistry at Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia. Journal of Geophysical
      Research, 117, C05003, doi : 10.1029/2011JC007268.
    • Baray et al., Maïdo observatory : a new high-altitude station facility at
      Reunion Island (21° S, 55° E) for long-term atmospheric remote sensing and
      in situ measurements. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 2013, 6 (10),
      pp.2865-2877.
    • Comte J.-C., Join J.-L., Banton O., Nicolini E., 2014 “Modelling the response
      of fresh groundwater to climate and vegetation changes in coral islands”.
      Hydrogeol J. 20 July 2014. Vol. 22, n°8, p. 1905-1920.

Astrophysical, Earth and Environmental Sciences

OSU-R operates in line with the national strategy for the construction of research facilities, the Allenvi Alliance (Research Ministry) and provides support for three long-term observation and experimentation systems in environmental research (SOERE): “ATMO”, “Drainage Basin Network” and “Coastline”.

The research topics of the laboratories belonging to the OSU-R are :

  • Atmosphere : Monitoring of atmospheric composition (reactive trace and greenhouse gases, aerosols, stratospheric ozone layer), analysis of climate patterns and effects; Study of atmospheric processes (atmospheric water cycle, stratosphere-troposphere interactions, largescale movements of atmospheric pollutants, etc.) and analysis of how
    they are appear in digital forecast models; Studies of tropical cyclones (intensification processes and trajectories).
  • Lithosphere : Hydrology of catchments in volcanic ranges ; Seismology (volcanology applications, detection of cyclonic and southern ocean waves) ;Internal geophysics of volcanic ranges (landslide, erosion, magma transfer applications, etc.).
  • Biosphere : forestry ecology Classification ecophysiology and climate monitoring Invasive exotic species.
  • Tropical marine ecology : Tropical migratory marine megafauna ;Regional reef biodiversity monitoring of habitats in the Indian Ocean area and modification due to climate change.
  • Coasts : Monitoring of coastlines ;study of erosion processes back reef lagoon coastlines.

Key research projects
In multidisciplinary topics :

  • ERUPTION COLUMNS : STRAP PROJECT / (Trans-disciplinary synergy to
    face risks from eruption columns, ANR project 2015-2018),
  • CYCLONIC RISKS : RENOVRISK-TRANSFER PROJECT / Integrated and
    innovative research into the natural risks associated with tropical cyclones.
    Cyclonic hazards in the “Maïdo mountains – Coast – Lagoon” workshop
    zone. Subject to the ERDF call for proposals 2015-2019.
  • OCEAN-ATMOSPHERE : PROJECT TO STUDY THE PHYSICAL PROCESSES
    OF OCEAN-ATMOSPHERE INTERACTIONS IN THE SOUTH-WESTERN INDIAN
    OCEAN (SOOI) /using models and observations. Project by the OMNCG
    Research Federation (Observations of Natural Environments and Global
    Changes) of the OSU-R.
  • VOLCANOLOGY AND MARINE BIODIVERSITY : CLEM PROJECT /
    Consequences of lava flows on the marine environment : focus on the 2007
    lava flow. Project managed by the OMNCG Federation of the OSU-R.
  • BIOSPHERE-ATMOSPHERE : FARCE PROJECT / Forest AeRosols Clouds
    intEractions at Reunion Island. Project managed by the OMNCG Federation
    of the OSU-R.

Technical support centre and state-of-the-art equipment

  • Maïdo Atmospheric Observatory. Instruments : lidars (vertical profiles for temperature, wind, water vapour and ozone) radiometers and spectrometers (partial and total atmosphericreactive trace gas columns and greenhouse gas columns) onsite analysers of atmospheric air mass (optical and chemical properties of aerosols, reactive gases and greenhouse gases) detectors of atmospheric electric activity GPS station cameras for cloud cover.
  • ERORUN hydrological station in the Rivière des Pluies drainage
    basin. Three stations to measure hydrological flow and 3 weather stations.
  • Saint-Gilles marine reef station. Monitoring geophysical and biological parameters in the lagoon.
  • Mare-Longue forestry station in Saint-Philippe. Observation facility for forestry ecology, classification, ecophysiology and climate parameters.

Several INSU-CNRS laboratories :
LATMOS (Atmospheres, Environments and Spatial Observations Laboratory)
LSCE (Laboratory of Climate and Environmental Sciences)
LMD (Dynamic Meteorology Laboratory)
LISA (Inter-University Laboratory of Atmospheric Systems)
SIRTA (Instrumental research by atmospheric remote-sensing site)
Atmospheric Sounding Laboratory
National Centre of Meteorological Research (CNRM, Toulouse)
Laboratory of Atmospheric Optics (LOA, Lille)
Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (Brussels)

Oceanic Domain Laboratories (University of Western Brittany, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR, Pretoria,South Africa)

The OSU-R is a partner of the European H2020 ENVRIplus project
(Environmental Research Infrastructures Providing Shared Solutions for Sciences and Society). The OSU-R observation stations are open to international access for multi-disciplinary research to be carried out with other European teams with an interest in the University of Reunion Island research facilities.

Review panel publications between 2010 and 2014 :

  • Tulet, P. and Villeneuve, N., Large scale modeling of the transport, chemical
    transformation and mass budget of the sulfur emitted during the April 2007
    eruption of Piton de la Fournaise, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 4533-4546, doi :
    10.5194 /acp-11-4533-2011.
  • Durand et al., Modeling the lava heat flux during severe effusive volcanic
    eruption : an important impact on surface air quality. J. Geophys. Res., 119,
    20,11729-11742, 2014.
  • Falter, J., Lowe, R., Atkinson, M., Cuet, P., 2012 – Seasonal coupling and decoupling
    of net calcification rates from coral reef metabolism and carbonate
    chemistry at Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia. Journal of Geophysical
    Research, 117, C05003, doi : 10.1029/2011JC007268.
  • Baray et al., Maïdo observatory : a new high-altitude station facility at
    Reunion Island (21° S, 55° E) for long-term atmospheric remote sensing and
    in situ measurements. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 2013, 6 (10),
    pp.2865-2877.
  • Comte J.-C., Join J.-L., Banton O., Nicolini E., 2014 “Modelling the response
    of fresh groundwater to climate and vegetation changes in coral islands”.
    Hydrogeol J. 20 July 2014. Vol. 22, n°8, p. 1905-1920.
33
researchers
9
PhD students